Whittier is located in Los Angeles County, about 12 miles southeast of the City of Los Angeles. A five Member City Council under the Council-Manager form of government directs the City. Whittier is a charter law city and was incorporated in 1898. The Charter form of City government was ratified in 1955. The City covers 14.8 square miles and has an estimated population of 88,341. Businesses and industries in the area include 374 professional services, 868 retail stores, 202 family-type restaurants, 36 manufacturing plants, 8 hotels and motels, 2 new automobile dealerships and over 249 specialty shops and boutiques, predominantly located in Uptown Whittier, the Quad shopping mall, as well as the Whittwood Town Center.